Carpets the most beautiful pieces of man made work are not that easy to make. There involves a lot of process and hard work to get an end product. There are many steps involved in the process and the first is selecting suitable fiber. For now let us know about the different fibers used in weaving the carpets.
Wool: Wool is one of the famous natural fibers and is best suited for weaving a carpet. It gives a rich and aesthetic look to the carpet. It can be dyed easily and is highly durable. When this wool is mixed with synthetic fibers such as nylon and polyester its durability increases. Wool carpets are made from two different wools one is the British wool and the other is the New Zealand wool. Both have distinct characteristics. The former is the tougher whereas the later is comfortable for dying.
Nylon: Nylon is the most commonly used fiber for carpet weaving. Since it is dyed and printed easily it is extremely used. It possess some dye sights on the fiber which tend to stain easily and hence these dye sights should be filled during weaving.
Coir: Coir is another natural fiber which is used in the manufacturing of carpets. They are made from the husks of coconut and it is one of the strongest fibers. These carpets are good in removing dirt and moisture from the soles.
Polypropylene: Polypropylene is a man made fiber. This fiber is widely used in the manufacturing of carpets since it is less expensive. It is also used to produce carpet yarn but it is difficult to dye this material. It can be blended with other fibers and can be used. The carpets made of Polypropylene are known for good stain resistance and are durable. These carpets are mainly used in heavy traffic areas like hotels and functions.
Polyester: Polyester fiber is used widely when the prices of the raw materials rose up high in early 2000s. It is used in the construction of spun and filaments. It has strong physical properties that it can withstand any stains and can be dyed very easily. It gives a more luxurious look to the carpet.