Main Components of Industrial Air Handling Unit
In a world where global warming is fast becoming a matter of concern, where the average temperatures of places in every corner are gradually increasing with every passing day, staying comfortable is becoming synonymous with temperature control. New devices to control the temperature are becoming increasingly popular. The best temperature control systems are using the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system. Besides, these systems are also being used for industrial air handling as well.
Industrial air handling is used to regulate the temperature of air and circulate fresh air of a certain temperature to the place where it is required. The industrial air handling unit comprises a number of components. Here’s a quick look at some of the integral components of an industrial air handling unit, which makes it possible for the unit to function properly:
- Mixing chamber
- Humidifiers and dehumidifiers
It is necessary to keep all components of the industrial air handling unit inside a protection and ensure that they are safe. This is done perfectly by the casing. Moreover, the casing also ensures that there is no loss or gain of heat in the industrial air handling unit, thus maintaining the temperature inside.
When an industrial air handling unit is functioning, it is necessary to send air into the system and also take the temperature-controlled air out of the system. So, it is important to have proper channels to perform these tasks. An industrial air handling unit has ducts to perform these functions. There is a supply air duct and a return air duct. The former ensures that air is sent into the system for temperature control. The latter, however, has multiple ducts that lead to various outlets. These ducts ensure that the temperature-controlled air is supplied to various places.
While controlling the temperature is important, it is also necessary to keep a tab on the energy consumption. The mixing chamber plays an important role in this process. It ensures that the cool air from the system, which returns, mixes perfectly with the environmental air to reduce its temperature. The result: less energy is required in the next cycle for temperature controlling. To help the return air circulate freely in the ducts and in the chamber as well, fans are installed in the mixing chamber.
Different types of filters are required to install an industrial air handling unit. These filters are necessary to remove all kinds and sizes of contaminations from the air and keep them as much pure as possible. The functions of these filters are primarily to keep the downstream components of the air handling unit as clean as possible.Some of the most common types of filters in such a unit are:
- Electrostatic filter
- Panel filter
- HEPA filter
Humidifiers and Dehumidifiers
Different types of humidifiers and dehumidifiers are installed in an air handling unit to ensure that a relative humidity of 45% to 55% is maintained. Some of the most common types include:
- Steam grid type
- Spray type
- Steam pan type
In addition to all these components, fans and other stuff are also installed in the air handling unit. These components are an integral part of the unit and make it function properly.