San Francisco is the City and County of San Francisco in California State. It is the financial and transportation center of the San Francisco Bay Area where 7.6 million people inhabit. It includes San Jose and Oakland. The area of only consolidated city-county in California is about 46.9 square miles on the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula.
It is the most densely settled large city in the state of California and the second-most densely populated city in the United States. San Francisco is the fourth most populous city in California and the 13th most populous city in the United States, with a population of 805,235 as of the 2010 Census.
San Francisco is one of the top tourist destinations in the US, ranking 35 in the worldwide, and is famous for its cool summers, fog, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, and landmarks including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, and its Chinatown.
The city is also a principal banking and finance center, and the home to more than 30 international financial institutions, helping to make San Francisco rank 18th in the world’s top producing cities, 8th in the United States, and 12th place in the top twenty global financial centers.
- San Francisco dates backs to 3000 BC. At that time, the Yelamu (a Native American tribe) group of the Ohlone people inhabited several small villages when a Spanish exploration party, led by Don Gaspar de Portola, the first documented European visited San Francisco Bay on November 2, 1769.
- In 1821, San Francisco got independence from Spain and became part of Mexico.
- Under Mexican rule, those small villages are privatized, laid out a plan for the settlement and named that land as Yerba Buena.
- Yerba Buena was renamed to San Francisco on January 30 in 1846.
Some of the popular neighbor hoods include Central/downtown, Richmond, Sunset, Upper Market & beyond (south central) and Bernal Heights/Bay-view & beyond (southeast) are the five broad districts where major neighborhoods of San Francisco are located. Some of the popular neighborhoods of San Francisco include Alamo Square, Ash bury Heights, Dolores Heights, Eureka Valley, Excelsior, Fillmore, Financial District, Japan town, Jordan Park, Lake, Lakeside, Lake shore, Laurel Heights, Little Hollywood, Little Russia, Little Saigon, Lone Mountain, Lower Height, Lower Pacific Heights, Lower Nob Hill, Marina District.
- San Francisco has a population of 8,05,235 according to 2010 census.
- About 48.5% of the population is Whites, 33.3% of Asians, 15.1% of Hispanics or Latinos people, 6.1% of African Americans, 0.5% of Native Americans, 0.4% of Pacific Islanders, 6.6% from other groups, and 4.7% from two or more races. San Francisco is the second-most densely populated major American city.
The economy of San Francisco is based on tourism ( pier 39, hotels, museums cable cars etc.), financial institutions, fortune 500 companies, professional services—including law, public relations, architecture and design, popular and prominent Internet companies and “start-ups” (Craigslist, Twitter, Zynga, Salesforce.com, and the Wiki-media Foundation), universities etc.
Geography and climate
San Francisco is located on the West Coast of the United States at the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula. Islands such as Alcatraz, Treasure Island and the adjacent Yerba Buena Island, and a small portion of Alameda Island, Red Rock Island, and Angel Island are part of the city. The total area, including water, is nearly 232 square miles (600km2).
Since city is surrounded on three sides by water, San Francisco’s weather is strongly influenced by the cool currents of the Pacific Ocean, which moderate temperature swings and produces a remarkably mild year-round climate with little seasonal temperature variation.
The city has a gentle Mediterranean climate with beautiful weather throughout the year. Temperature exceeds 75 °F on average only 28 days a year. The dry period of May to October is mild to warm, with average high temperatures of 64–71 °F and lows of 51–56 °F. The rainy period of November to April is slightly cooler, with high temperatures of 58–64 °F and lows of 46–51 °F. On average, there are 67 rainy days a year, and annual precipitation averages 20.4 inches.
Some of the most popular attractions of San Francisco city are the aquarium of the bay, museum of art, the war field, great American music hall, grace cathedral, Castro theater, golden gate park, DE young museum, china town, academy of sciences and many more.