Digital dental photography is a contemporary part of dental practices. It is necessary to obtain a dental image with correct color rendition. Sufficient details have to be depicted by it giving an oral clinical scenario. Digital dental photograph enhances communication with specialists.
Digital dental photography uses high-resolution digital sensors. An image can be viewed immediately after the exposure. Exposing an image requires no direct costs but the expenses are associated only while printing the images.
Various types of digital dental cameras are used and some of them include point-and-shoot fixed-lens camera, modified consumer fixed-lens camera, and single lens reflex camera. Point-and-shoot fixed-lens camera is easy to use which produces basic results. Varying amounts of exposure control can be allowed by this camera. Modified consumer fixed-lens camera includes addition of a close-up lens adapter and a light diffuser. It enhances the focus and distribution of light with intra oral pictures.
A digital single lens reflex (SLR) camera contains a 90- to 105-mm telephoto macro lens fitted to the body of camera. A flat and undistorted image can be produced by this camera. It produces clear, sharp, and detailed images. It is necessary to follow a standard protocol for every patient regarding the exposure associated with these cameras. The before and after pictures of each and every patient should use same perspectives of exposure. Magnification of an image is also possible which helps in getting more details of the patient teeth. The key factor for getting high resolution images is the use of high quality lens. Digital single lens reflex cameras are more advantageous than the other two types. Digital photography has a lot of importance in dentistry.