Organic gardening is a system which will not use the synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and growth regulators. But the technology and horticultural methods used in conventional vegetable gardening and organic gardening production will not differ much. The major difference is that organic gardening emphasizes compost as both mulch and organic fertilizer.
Instead of utilizing synthetic products to nurture the soil, organic gardeners will use crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manures, organic wastes, mineral-bearing rocks.
The means and methods of organic gardening pest control (weeds, insects, etc.) are mechanical cultivation and cultural, biological and bio-rational controls.
Benefits of Organic gardening over conventional vegetable gardening include:
- Organic gardening has high price at markets
- Organic gardening has very less production costs
- Organic gardening improves gardening safety
- Organic gardening has very less environmental impact
- Organic gardening is a better working agroecosystem (organic fertilizer and compost enhances soil structure, texture, and aeration and improves the soil’s water-holding capacity).